|Holden Chapel, April 2015|
|Opening of the new school at Holden Chapel|
|Picture used by Accrington Observer & Times in September 1909|
Holden is a small village about a mile west of Bolton by Bowland, four miles west of Gisburn and five miles north of Clitheroe. Until the local government reorganisation it was in the West Riding of Yorkshire but is now in Lancashire. Holden Chapel was founded in 1766 for Protestant Dissenters of the Presbyterian or Independent persuasion. Its story is told in History of the Dales Congregational Churches, by Thomas Whitehead, published in Keighley in 1930.
I am grateful to Reg Postelthwaite who kindly sent me the photograph of the opening of the new school premises at Holden Chapel in September 1909. It was taken from The Recollections of a Country Gentleman, by Richard Milne-Redhead, Esq, published in 1977. The event was reported in the Accrington Observer & Times in the issue of Tuesday 28 September mentioning that the even took place the previous Saturday, 25th September. The paper refered, incorrectly as I believe, to the chapel being Baptist. The picture they published of the event showed a Mrs. Thornber, aged 94 who gave the keys of the new school to Mr. Waddington jr, in the absence of his father, Mr. R. Waddington. There were addresses by Mr. W. H. Duerden, Mr. McNeail and Mr. Slater.
The deed for the Chapel, dated 1st and 2nd January 1766, states that the land was to be used to build a Meeting House for Protestant Dissenters of the Presbyterian or Independent persuasion. There were two parties to the deed and the second party, which would be the original trustees, comprised Henry Walkden of Gills Crofts near Clitheroe, clerk (minister); Richard Inskip of Bay Gate; Richard Seed of Holden, smith; John Scott of Holden, wool comber; Christopher Frankland of Holden, tailor; Thomas Fell of Twiston, yeoman; and Robert Harrison of Peathorn, yeoman.
The registers have never been copied, filmed or indexed. I have transcribing and edited them with the permission of the chapel trustees. The transcript was checked against the original register by Sue Holden, Reference Librarian at Clitheroe. There are no marriages but there are baptisms and burials between 1771 and 1897. In the first register there are 509 baptisms and 70 burials. The second register contains 428 baptisms and 248 burials.
Copies of the registers have been sent to: Libraries in the Burnley Division of Lancashire, Skipton Library, Lancashire County Record Office; North Yorkshire Record Office at Northallerton; Yorkshire Archaeological Society headquarters at Claremont, Leeds; Lancashire Family History and Heraldry Society; Manchester and Lancashire Family History Society; Society of Genealogists, The Family Records Centre in London.
In the course of visiting Holden Chapel I noted the following memorials to Dissenting Ministers. The Revd. Sowden was instrumental in setting up Mount Sion Chapel at Tosside and was minister at the chapel at Horton in Ribblesdale.
In Memory of the Revd. Henry Driver for 17 years respected Pastor of this church who died June 11 1860 in the 80th year of his age. Also of Betty, wife of the above who departed this life March 11, 1811 aged 52 years.
Here lieth the body of the Revd. Benjamin Sowden, late minister of Horton in the Parish of Gisburn, who departed this life February 7 1813 aged 64. Also Esther Sowden, wife of the above, who died June 14 1833 aged 84.
Here lieth intombed the remains of the Revd. John Gauber who departed this life the 6th day of May 1804 aged 85 years.
Thornber records at Holden
Tosside is a village north of Bolton by Bowland and east of Slaidburn. The Mount Sion Chapel was founded in 1812. With the permission of the Secretary of the Chapel Trustees I have transcribed and indexed the registers. The section of the transcript on baptisms was checked by Mrs. Sue Holden, reference librarian at Clitheroe. There are baptisms from about 1812 and burials from 1838. Records of an additional 20 burials prior to 1838 have been located at the Public Record Office and have been included in the transcript. These registers have not been filmed but the baptisms from 1812 to 1837 have been indexed by the I.G.I. under the name Gisburn Sandy Syke Independent. Copies have been deposited at Lancashire County Record Office, North Yorkshire County Record Office, Manchester Central Library, Manchester and Lancashire Family History Society, The Society of Genealogists, The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, The Family Record Centre in London and libraries in the Burnley Division of Lancashire. The 18 Thornber entries are listed in the archive section.
Prior to the construction of Mount Sion in 1812, people met for worship at the home of Giles Thornber of Sandy Syke. I am grateful to Mrs. Shorrock of Settle in North Yorkshire for a photograph of the old farm at Sandy Syke, which has now been demolished. The History of the Dales Congregational Chapels, by Thomas Whitehead, published in 1930, states that the meetings were at the home of Miles Thornber at Higher Sandy Syke. No Miles Thornber has been found in all my researches into the Thornbers but a Giles is known to have lived at Sandy Syke (though not specifically at Higher Sandy Syke) from his will. It seems likely that Whitehead misheard the name or that a misprint was overlooked. Giles father, Ralph Thornber lived at Lower Sandy Syke as shown by the baptism entry for his sone William in the Slaidburn registers.
Wm. s. Ralph Thornber of Lower Sandy Sike Gisborne Forest, 26 Nov 1749.
|Sandy Syke Farm||Lettering over the window with date of 1679|
I have transcribed the Registers of Rodhill Inghamite Chapel near Grindleton, north of Clitheroe. The original registers are held at the headquarters of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society in Leeds. I am grateful to the Society Archivist, Mrs. S. Thomas, for permission to transcribe and publish these registers. There are about 100 baptisms and 125 burials from 1754 to the 1830's. Copies have been deposited as for the Holden Chapel Registers.
The following brief account of the Inghamites is condensed from the entry in The Dictionary of Genealogy, by Terrick Fitzhugh, Revised Edition, Alphabooks, 1988.
"The Inghamites were a small Nonconformist sect founded by Benjamin Ingham (1712-1722). Ingham's group was founded in 1754, when he and his followers broke away from the Moravians. A year later they had a large number of followers, mostly in Lancashire and Yorkshire, and broke away from the Church of England. Ingham became influenced by the ideas of the Scottish Sandeman sect and this caused the break up of his group in 1763; some became Methodists, some Sandemanian and some Baptists. However, a few societies remained loyal. In 1814 they amalgamated with the Daleites of Scotland and the church still survives today in Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cumbria. In 1840, eight Inghamite baptismal and burial registers were deposited at the General Record Office and are now at the Public Record Office."
The following information on the Inghamites is adapted from The Annals and Stories of Barrowford, by Jesse Blakey (see Select Bibliography)
Benjamin Ingham, the founder of the Inghamites, was born in 1712 at Ossett near Wakefield in Yorkshire. Educated at Oxford, he became acquainted with the Wesleys. Ingham was ordained in 1735, and began to work in London but was soon persuaded to accompany the Wesleys on their missionary journey to Georgia.
In 1744 Ingham married Lady Margaret Hastings, sister of Lady Huntingdon. He began his own sect, assuming the position of general overseer. In his preaching around the country he was helped by three brothers, the Battys of Newby Cote near Settle in Yorkshire. Ingham's preaching angered the Rev. George White, vicar of Colne, the man who had persecuted John Wesley. Ingham died in Aberford in 1772. Of the societies which remained loyal, the majority are in the area of Nelson and Colne. The chapel at Wheatley Lane is the oldest being built in 1749-50. Preachers came from Colne, Winewall, Rodhill and Todmorden. Pews were first installed in 1789 and the chapel was reopened after extensive alterations in 1898.
In late 1998, Paul Oates of Ribchester produced a report on his research into Rodhill Inghamite Chapel. This has now been published in 2 articles in Lancashire History Quarterly, Vol 3 Issues No. 3 and 4, 1999, published by Hudson History of Settle. Paul went on to produce a monograph My Ancestors were Inghamites, by Paul J Oates, published by Society of Genealogists Enterprises, Ltd. 14 Charterhouse Buildings, Goswell Road, London EC1M 7BA, 2003. ISBN 1 903462 77 0
Another recent source of information on the Inghamite movement is the book Benjamin Ingham, by H M Pickles, Pioneer Press, Skipton, 1995, ISBN 0 9526950 0 6. This book covers both the history of the Inghamites and the finer points of doctrinal disputes so is of more interest to those with a theological bent.
If you would like a full transcript of the Rodhill register, which is only a few pages, I will send it to you free of charge by E-mail as a pdf file to view in Adobe Acrobat Reader.
In the early 1920s, Dr. John Laycock of Sabden and some associates made a hand-written copy of Higham Methodist Chapel records, covering the baptisms from 1813 to 1839 and the burials from September 1820 to April 1864. Hardly any of the transcript is in Dr. Laycock's hand. The ledger containing the transcript is owned by Burnley Library who have kindly made it available to me for typing. A typed version in tabular format has now been completed and checked against the original register at the Lancashire County Record Office. The baptisms and burial tables have been rearranged in alphabetical order. Burnley Library will make copies for local libraries. I have made copies for Manchester Central Library, Lancashire County Record Office, the Society of Genealogists, The Family Records Centre, the library of the Lancashire Family History and Heraldry Society, the Burnley & Pendle Branch of the LFH&HS and Blackpool Library.
In the early 1920s, Dr. John Laycock of Sabden and some associates made a hand-written copy of Wheatley Lane Inghamite chapel records, covering the baptisms from August 1751 to September 1866 and burials from December 1750 to June 1837. Hardly any of the transcript is in Dr. Laycock's hand. The ledger containing the transcript is owned by Burnley Library who have kindly made it available to me for typing. With the agreement of the Revd: Matthew Butler, the transcript has been checked against the original registers. The transcript has been indexed using the Lancashire Parish Register Society programme, PRINDEX, written by George Blundell. The work was completed at the end of September 2006. Burnley Library will make copies available to the public libraries in the district and I have provided copies to other record offices and libraries as for the Higham Wesleyan Chapel.
I have put a brief history of the Chapel on a separate page.
Houghton Chapel, also known as Tosside Chapel, was a chapel-of-ease for Gisburn St Mary's. The baptism records for this chapel have been indexed up to 1837 by the IGI under the name of Houghton by Settle. By permission of the Rev. Mark Russell-Smith, I have transcribed all the baptisms and burials from the commencement in 1749 to 1851. A few records from the period between 1749 and 1769 are contained in the registers of St. Mary's, Gisburn, and were included in the Yorkshire Parish Register Society's Vol. 114, published in 1943. I am grateful to Mrs. Sue Holden, reference librarian at Clitheroe library for help in identifying some of the place names. Copies of my transcription have been donated to the Lancashire County Record Office, North Yorks County Record Office, Soc. of Genealogists, Yorkshire Archaeology Society at Leeds, Family Records Centre in London, libraries in the Burnley District, Skipton library, The Borthwick Institute of Historical Research in York, and the Clitheroe branch of the Lancashire Family History and Heraldry Society. Thornber records are shown in the archive section.
For a fuller account of the chapel and its registers I reproduce the Introduction to my transcript.
By permission of the Reverend J. T. Birbeck, Phil Marsden and I have transcribed the registers of Mitton All Hallows. Phil Marsden made an initial transcript of the registers from 1610 to 1719, some of which are in very poor condition, using the film version. These records have not been indexed by the IGI. I have checked the initial draft against the original register using UV light where appropriate to help interpret faded entries. The transcript has been checked against the bishops' transcripts on film at Preston and against the originals at the Borthwick Institute. The editing and indexing has been completed and the whole printed and produced as a hard back book of 153 pages of A4. A microfiche version of this transcript was produced by the Lancashire Parish Register Society in 2006.
In addition I worked on the period from 1720 to 1812. Initially the baptisms and burials were produced in tabular form rearranged in alphabetical order of surname. However, I have completed versions in date order with full indexes. The work has been published in three volumes for baptisms, marriages and burials. Copies of these transcripts have been donated to Clitheroe Library, Lancashire County Record Office, The Borthwick Institute for Historical Research in York, Yorkshire Archaeological Society in Leeds, The North Yorkshire County Record Office in Northallerton, and the Society of Genealogists in London. Lancashire libraries have purchased copies for other libraries in the Burnley district.
These transcripts were published on CD ROM by the Lancashire Parish Register Society in 2007.
Thornber records at Mitton are shown in the Archive Section.
The Parish Registers of St. Mary and All Saints, Whalley, are preserved at the Lancashire County Record Office in Preston. The Lancashire Parish Register Society has published two volumes of the Whalley registers, Volumes 7 and 74, covering the period from 1538-1653. The International Genealogical Index covers baptisms at Whalley from 1538-1875 and marriages from 1539-1601 and 1605-1837. There is a manuscript index to the registers at the County Record Office covering baptisms from 1538-1569 and from 1691-1888; marriages from 1700-1847; and burials from 1740-1886. As a consequence of this coverage there is a need for further work to transcribe and index the registers fully from 1653 onwards. In the short term there is also a need for access to information on the burials from 1653 to 1739 to complement the information currently available from other sources.
Dr. John Alfred Laycock produced a handwritten transcript of Whalley registers in 1902 and this is preserved at the Public Library in Burnley. The transcript is in very clear script and it is evident that Dr. Laycock was meticulous in his work. He prepared full transcripts of other registers in the area and was the author of "A Guide to the Genealogy of the Country Around Pendle". Laycock's transcript has recently been filmed by Burnley Library and this has presented the opportunity to use the original for the first stage of a full transcript of the registers. Access to the Laycock work has allowed easier and quicker progress than use of the original register at Preston and has taken advantage of the fact that Laycock viewed the registers when they were a century younger.
The following reports have been produced for Burnley Library.
First Phase: 1653 to 1739
Burials from 1653 to 1739, rearranged in alphabetical order, August 2003
Baptisms from 1653 to 1739, rearranged in alphabetical order, September 2003
Marriages from 1653 to 1739, in two tables, one rearranged in groom order and one in bride order, October 2003
Second Phase: 1740 to 1812
Baptisms 1740 to 1812, rearranged in alphabetical order, January 2004
Marriages 1740 to 1812, in two tables, one rearranged in groom order and one in bride order, June 2004
Burials 1740 to 1812, rearranged in alphabetical order, September 2004
Third Phase: 1813 to 1837
Baptisms 1813 to 1837, rearranged in alphabetical order, January 2005
The Reverend Councillor Chris Sterry, Vicar of Whalley, gave his support for the preparation of versions suitable for publication by the Lancashire Parish Register Society. This involved converting the tables in date order form into text format by simple word processor commands. The draft was cross-checked against the original register and then against the bishops' transcripts, both of which are at the County Record Office in Preston. Two volumes, covering the period 1653 to 1753, and 1754 to 1812 have been published. The first is Volume 162 in the LPRS series and was published in July 2006. The second is Volume 164, which was published in November 2006. A further section covering 1813 to 1837 was published in October 2009 as Volume 171.
The Lancashire Parish Register Society has a handwritten transcript of such registers as survive from 1723, prepared in the early 1950s by Dr. Milton Ormerod. Most of the periods for which the registers are missing are covered by the BTs. In addition to the registers, Dr. Ormerod consulted paper copies kept by some of the incumbents and these often had additional details of abodes. I have typed his transcript of the records from 1723 to 1762, checked it against the originals and the BTs and against the curate's paper copies. The work has now been extended from the BTs to create a volume covering 1723-1772, published by the Lancashire Parish Register Society on CD ROM as Volume NC 2.
There is about a forty year period from 1762 in which the baptism and burial registers are missing and the records have been transcribed from the BTs. A further volume covering 1773 to 1812 was publised by the LPRS on CD ROM as Volume NC4 in September 2009.
The registers from 1653 to 1722 were transcribed in 1912 and form Volume 45 of the LPRS series; these registers are incomplete and were not collated with the bishops' transcripsts. I have now collated this register with the bishops' transcripts. The registers before 1653 are lost but there survive twenty years of bishops' transcripts in the period from 1606 to 1640 which I have transcribed to create a volume that covering 1606 to 1722, which was published by the Lancashire Parish Register Society in hardback in 2010 as Volume 45a.
From 1788, St. John the Evangelist at Bacup began as a chapel of ease for Newchurch-in-Rossendale and performed baptisms and burials. The records from Bacup and Newchurch are combined into a single list in the Bishops's transcripts so to identify those belonging to Newchurch in the period up to 1797 for baptisms and 1803 for burials, it has been necessary to transcribe those of Bacup and subtract them from the BT listing. This now forms the basis of a transcript of Bacup from 1788 to 1812. It was published by the Lancashire Parish Register Society on CD ROM in April 2010.