Grid Ref: SJ 856 886
Date: 5 July 2010
|The tower of St. Mary's Cheadle
||Ceiling of the nave
|The Savage Chapel
||Entrance to the former rood loft
|The Brereton Chapel
||Alabaster effigies in the Brereton Chapel
|Figures on a choir stalls
||The East Window
||Ancient Cross circa 11th century
The parish church of St. Mary's in Cheadle is not easily photographed from the south side because it is partly obscured by trees, hence I had to be content with two shots of the tower taken from the churchyard. The current church was rebuilt in the middle of the 16th century after an earlier structure fell into disrepair. The north and south arcades have five octagonal columns. The striking oak ceiling of the nave was brought to its current condition by repainting in 1984. The chapel at the east end of the north aisle is the Savage Chapel, built in 1529 by Sir John Savage and his wife Elizabeth. When one looks up inside one can see the entrance to the former rood loft. Rood lofts and screens were commonly destroyed at the Reformation. At the east end of the south aisle is the Brereton Chapel, which houses three effigies. The two alabaster ones are of Richard Bulkeley (1392-1454) and Sir John Hondford (1392- c1460) lord of the manor of Hondford (Handforth). There is also a stone effigy, not shown, of Sir Thomas Brereton of Handforth (1630-1673/4). The screen round the chapel was erected by Sir Urian Brereton.
The screen at Cheadle has a lower part dating from the 16th century whereas the remainder is Victorian. Similarly the pews are from a restoration in the period 1875-1882. The chancel dates from the 1500s but was restored in the 19th century when the roof was replaced in 1859 and the east window replaced in 1861. The church also has a Victorian organ (1882) and a brass lectern in the form of an eagle dating from 1874.
The face of the clock is unusual. Instead of numbers it bears the following inscriptions. On the south side - Forget not God, on the west side Trust the Lord, on the east side Time is Flying. The tower houses eight bells, six of them were made in 1749 and two were donated in 1882. Restoration was undertaken on the tower in the 1985, the lower part is the oldest masonry in the church.
The Parish Church of St. Mary, Cheadle, Cheshire, by G.V. Chivers, a booklet available in the church
THE PARISH OF CHEADLE: A TALE OF THREE TOWNSHIPS
The parish of Cheadle was not mentioned in the Domesday Survey of 1086 and may at that time have been waste land. It was granted to Geoffrey son of Hugh de Dutton and the family subsequently adopted the surname of Cheadle/Chedle. The first documentary evidence of the area relates to the enquiry after the death (inquistion post mortem) of Geoffrey's son also called Geoffrey, who died in 1294. The document states the Geoffrey held the manor of Cheadle of the King as Earl of Chester by knight's service, by a rent of one mark known as reynegelt and by finding one judger, once a fortnight, to act at the King's Court in Macclesfield. He also had to contribute to the maintenance of the deer fence in the Forest of Macclesfield and give provisions for sergeants of the peace of the manor of Macclesfield. The manor of Cheadle was said to be worth £20 a year. His heir was named as another Geoffrey then aged 26. This document gives an interesting glimpse of a sparsley populated area on the edge of a hunting forest.
The events that follow explain some place names. Geoffrey was succeeded by Roger de Cheadle, who may have been his brother and who died before 1321 leaving his wife Matilda and two daughters. When Matilda died there was an inquisition post mortem which stated that the manor belonged to the two daughters, nameley Clemence the wife of William de Bagulegh and Agnes wife of Richard de Bulklegh. Thus the de Cheadle family died out and the manor was split into two halves or medieties, subsequently known as townships. The northern half was known as Cheadle Bulkeley and included the church. It came into the hands of Richard Bulkeley, second son of Robert de Bulkeley of Eaton near Davenham in Cheshire.
The southern half went to William de Baguley and his wife Clemence. They had a daughter Isabel, who married Sir Thomas son of Sir Thomas Danyers of Bradley and Appleton in Cheshire. They had one daughter, Margaret who married three times, to John Radcliffe, John Savage and then Piers Legh of Adlington. Margaret Danyers inherited all the lands of her mother, Isabel de Baguley but her father's lands were settled on the male heirs of the Danyers. Margaret survived until 24 June 1427 and there was an inquisition post mortem the following year. This reveals that she had half the manor of Cheadle, the manors of Clifton and Bradley in Appleton, lands at Thelwall, Hale near Bowdon, Lymm, Over Knutsford & Runcorn. She also had a parcel of land at Rainow in the Forest of Macclesfield called Thorneshede, held of the Lady Katherine, Queen of England, as well as four burgages in Stockport and one and a half in Macclesfield. The inquisition papers state that Sir John Savage was her son and heir to these lands and at the time was aged 50 or more. In addition, Margaret had half the manor of Grappenhall during her life which would go to her son Peter, the son of Peter Legh of Adlington. Margaret and her third husband Peter Legh were given Lyme Handley in 1398 as the long-delayed reward promised to her grandfather Sir Thomas Danyers, who had distinguised himself at the Battle of Crécy in 1346.
The Savage family retained this mediety of Cheadle until the Civil War period when the manor was given to Jane Savage, wife of the 5th Marquess of Winchester. He was a Royalist and was fined by Parliament so he sold his share of Cheadle, some time before 1660 to Sir Edward Moseley of Hulme Hall, Manchester. This district became known as Cheadle Moseley and subsequently as Cheadle Hulme. It was sold again in 1754 and then passed through several families in the 18th and 19th century.
The third part of the Parish of Cheadle was Handforth-cum-Bosden. Bosden was a name given to the area of Bullock Smithy, now known as Hazel Grove - just south of Stockport. In the 1230s, the Baron of Stockport granted Bosden to Henry de Honford of Handforth. (Note that in old documents the stems -forth and -ford are often used interchangeably). By the end of the 1200s this family held both Bosden and the manor of Handforth. The family ran out of male heirs in the early 16th century and Margaret Honford married as her second husband, Urian Brereton. The Handforth Breretons ran out of male heirs in 1674. Major General Sir William Brereton of Handforth Hall (1604-1661), was a successful Parliamentary Commander in the Civil War. Lord Byron of Rochdale's Royalist forces were beaten by Brereton and Fairfax at Nantwich in 1641 and this led in due course to Byron surrendering Chester thereby ending Royalist hopes of receiving reinforcements through that port from Ireland. Sir William Brereton and his wife Susan daughter of Sir George Booth of Dunham Massey, had one son, Sir Thomas, born in 1632, who died without issue on 7 January 1673/4 and was buried at Cheadle. Sir Urian Brereton is mentioned in the Brereton family tree on my Malpas page.
So, the history of Cheadle is connected to that of several prominent families in Cheshire. Below I follow the Bulkeley family until they ran out of heirs and, mired in debt, lost the manor of Cheadle in 1756. The story of the Savages is told on the page for Macclesfield St. Michael's, which includes the Savage Chapel.
BULKELEY OF CHEADLE AND BEAUMARIS
This family is unusual among the Cheshire gentry. They moved to Anglesey in the early 15th century and in succeeding generations some married into Welsh families and into families based in Lancashire, Derbyshire, Surrey and Essex as well as the Cheshire gentry. Their eventual demise is not related in detail by Earwaker but they were overtaken by debt in the 18th century. The family's Cheshire estates were sold by Act of Parliament in 1756 when the 7th Viscount was only 4. He went on to marry the very wealthy heiress of the Warren family of Poynton but had no issue and left his Welsh estates to his uterine half brother.
- 1. Richard de Bulkelegh of Cheadle in right of his wife, second son of Robert de Bulkelegh of Eaton near Davenham, died 1349.
- + Agnes, dau and coheiress of Roger de Chedle, by Matilda, the dau and heiress of … de Mascy of Timperley, married before 1326. This couple had two sons, William, the heir, and Peter who was rector of Cheadle from 1371-1410. Their daughter, Margery married Sir Lawrence Warren.
- 2. William de Bulkelegh of Cheadle, born 1346, died 1379.
- + Alice dau of Sir Ralph Bostock of Bostock. She died in 1385. In addition to Richard, they had a son, Nicholas de Bulkelegh, known to be living in 1399.
- 3. Richard de Bulkelegh of Cheadle, born 1369 and died 1390.
- + Margery, dau of Hugh de Venables of Kinderton, married about 1387. Remarried to Randle Mainwaring of Over Peover before 1391, died 1459 and tomb at Over Peover. This couple had four children although Richard was only 21 at this death. In 1391, Alice was three, Margaret was 2 and Clemence 1. Richard's heir, also Richard, was born posthumously.
- 4. Richard de Bulkeley, born 1391 and died 1454. The name of his wife is unknown but they had a son William and other issue not named in Earwaker's tree.
- 5. William de Bulkeley of Cheadle, born about 1418 and died 1488. Went to Anglesey and was Constable of Beaumaris in 1440.
- + Ellen, dau of Guilim ap Griffith of Penrhyn in Caernarvonshire. This couple had William, Richard, Rowland, Hugh, Edmund, and a second Hugh. The eventual heir was the third son, Rowland.
- 6. William Bulkeley of Cheadle, born about 1444, married but died without issue in 24 Dec 1516.
- 6. Richard Bulkeley, clerk in holy orders, Rector of Cheadle 1486 to 1525, Arcdeacon of Merioneth from about 1483 to 1500 when he became Archdeacon of Anglesey until 1524. Succeeded his brother in 1517 and died on 29 May 1525.
- 6. Rowland Bulkeley, 3rd son, aged 64 in 1525, succeeded his brother in 1525 and died in 1537.
- + Alice, dau and heiress of William Beconsall of Beconsall in Lancashire. This couple had in addition to their heir, Richard, John, Rector of Cheadle, 1525-1545; Robert, the ancestor of the Bulkeleys of Gronant on Anglesey; Thomas, who may have been rector of Cheadle from 1551-1563; William, ancestor of the Bulkeleys of Porthamel on Anglesey; Hugh, Rowland, and Henry. They also had two daughters, Katherine was the last Abbess of Godstow near Oxford, appointed in 1535 and buried at Cheadle on 13 Feb 1559/60; Ellen married Sir William Norres of Speake in Lancashire.
- 7. Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris and Cheadle, born 1501, Chamberlain of North Wales in 1534, knighted about 1534, died 26 Jan 1546/7 buried at Beaumaris. Formerly an inscription in old glass at Middlewich church.
- + Katherine, dau of Sir William Griffith, jun, of Penrhyn, Carnarvonshire, died before her husband. This couple had in addition to their heir Richard: Thomas, Rowland, John, Jane and Ellen. The latter married Ralph Arderne of Harden Hall in Cheshire, marriage articles of 1558.
- 8. Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris and Cheadle, born about 1529, knighted 3 October 1547, MP for Anglesey in the time of Queen Mary and Elizabeth. Will administration in 1573. He married twice and we follow the line from his first wife. His second wife was Agnes dau of Thomas Needham of Shenton, Esq, by whom he had eight sons and two daughters, some of whom died young but Launcelot became Archbishop of Dublin from 1619 to 1650.
- + 1st wife, Margaret, dau of Sir John Savage of Clifton in Cheshire, knight, married before 16 April 1544. They had seven sons, Richard, John, Thomas, Rowland, Charles and Daniel and four daughters, Elizabeth, Katherine, Jane and Margaret.
- 9. Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris and Cheadle, born 1533, knighted at Whitehall in 1576, built mansion of Baron Hill in 1618, died Beaumaris 28 Jun 1621 and buried there. He married twice and it was from his second wife the line eventually descended so we must follow the progeny from both wives.
- + 1st wife, Katherine, dau of Sir Will. Davenport of Bramall. She died 21 Oct 1573. From this union came Richard, Elizabeth, who was mentioned in her father's funeral certificate in 1621 and possibly also a Katherine.
- 10. Richard Bulkeley of Cheadle, died before his father.
- + Katherine dau of George Needham of Thornset in Derbyshire. She was buried at Cheadle on 4 January 1643/4. This couple had in additon to their heir, Richard, two more sons, shown below, and four daughters, Dorothy, Lucy, Katherine and Frances, which latter inherited the Cheadle estate from her brother Humphrey.
- 11. Richard Bulkeley, heir to his grandfather to the Cheadle estates, baptised at Stockport on 8 July 1610, died at Peele and buried Cheadle on 27 Sep 1633.
- + Dorothy, dau of Sir Tho: Hoskins of Oxsted in Surrey. She survived her husband living to at least 1694. This couple had two children.
- 12. Humphrey Bulkeley of Cheadle, posthumous son, born 29 Nov 1633 and died in infancy 17 Feb 1636/7. The Cheadle estates passed first to his uncle Humphrey (see three entries below in generation 11)
- 12. Dorothy Bulkeley, only daughter and heiress, married Henry, son of Sir B. Ayloffe of Great Braxstead in Essex.
- 11. Peter Bulkeley, died without issue and buried at Cheadle on 16 May 1628
- 11. Humphrey Bulkeley, born 1618, who succeeded his nephew Humphrey to the the Cheadle estates, served in the army of Parliament and buried at Cheadle on 8 Sep 1678. His Cheadle estate went to his sister Frances as described in the text below.
- + 2nd wife of Sir Richard Bulkeley was Mary, dau of Sir William Burgh, Lord Burgh of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire, married about 1577. She outlived her husband and was alive at least until 1638. This couple had two sons whom we follow below and daughters, Mary, Margaret, Frances Elizabeth, Katherine, Eleanor and Penelope.
- 10. Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris, bapt at Cheadle 24 Mar 1580/1 and died 25 Jan 1645/6 buried at Penmon Priory where there is a monument.
- + Anne, dau of Sir Thomas Wilford of Idlington, Kent. In addition to the two sons, who died without issue, there were daughters, Mary and Anne.
- 11. Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris, Esq died Caernarvon, 5 Mar 1639/40 without issue. As a result Richard's uncle was the next heir.
- 11. Robert Bulkeley, illegitimate son, who married Priscilla dau of Sir H Bunbury of Stanney in Kent and died aged 69 without issue on 27 Oct 1679, buried at St. John's Chester.
- 10. Thomas Bulkeley, bapt at Cheadle, 10 Aug 1585, ultimately succeeded his brother and succeeded to the Baron Hill Estates on the death of his nephew Richard in March 1639/40. Created Viscount Bulkeley of Cashel in the county of Tipperary by Charles I on 19 Jan 1643/4, died 1659.
- + Blanch dau of Robert Cotymore of Cotymore in Caenarvonshire, about 1624 and secondly married the daughter of his steward. This couple had sons Richard and Robert covered below and also Thomas, a Royalist Captain in the Civil War of Dinas in Caernarvonshire and Henry, Master of the Household to Charles II and James II. There were also four daughters, who all married, Mary, Lumley, Catherine and Penelope.
- 11. Richard Bulkeley, Royalist Colonel in the Civil War until 1646. Killed in a duel with Thomas Cheadle of Lavan Sands on 19 Feb 1649/50 for which the latter executed at Conway. He married but died without issue before his father.
- 11. Robert Bulkeley of Beaumaris, 2nd Viscount died 18 Oct 1688 and buried at Beamaris.
- + Sarah, dau of Daniel Harvey of Combe in Surrey. Buried at Llanfor Church in Merionethshire, 18 Jun 1715, where there is a monument. In addition to the heir, Richard, there were sons: James who became MP or Beaumaris; Thomas who became MP for Caernarvon; Robert; and John. Daugthers were Elizabeth, Catherine, Penelope, Eleanor, Martha, Ellen and Lumley.
- 12. Richard Bulkeley, 3rd Viscount, buried Beaumaris 31 Aug 1704. Married twice but there was no issue from his second wife, Elizabeth, dau of Henry White, Esq of Hawthlin in Pembrokeshire.
- + 1 st wife, Mary dau of Sir Philip Egerton of Oulton in Cheshire, knight. They had two sons, the younger, Thomas died when a month old in Feb 1683/4.
- 13. Richard Bulkeley, 4th Viscount. bapt at Beaumaris on 7 Oct 1682 and died 4 Jun 1724.
- + Lady Bridget Bertie, eldest dau of James, 1st Earl of Abingdon, marriage settlement dated 1702. This couple had two sons and several daughters not named in Earwaker's tree. We need to follow both sons.
- 14. Richard Bulkeley, 5th Viscount, bapt at Beaumaris 18 April 1707, married but died without issue on 15 Mar 1738.
- 14. James Bulkeley, 6th Viscount, bapt Beaumaris on 2 Mar 1717/8, succeeded his brother an died 23 Apr 1753.
- + Emma Bridget dau and heir of Thomas Rowlands of Nant, Caernarvonshire and Caerau, Anglesey, married 5 August 1749. Her second husband was Sir Hugh Williams of Penrhyn see below for separate tree of her family
- 15. Thomas 7th Viscount, born 12 Dec 1752. His Cheadle and other estates were sold by Act of Parliament in 1756. He took the name of Warren-Bulkeley on his marriage and was created Baron Bulkeley of Beaumaris on 11 May 1784. He died 3 Jun 1822 and left his Welsh estates to Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams, the eldest son of his uterine half-brother, who then took the name of Bulkeley.
- 14. Emma Bridget dau and heir of Thomas Rowlands of Nant, Caernarvonshire and Caerau, Anglesey, married 5 August 1749.
- +2nd husband was Sir Hugh Williams of Penrhyn.
- 15. Sir Robert Williams, Bart, born 20 July 1764
- + Anne dau of the Rev. Edward Hughes, of Kinmel Park in Denbighshire. Married 1799.
- 16. Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams Bulkeley of Penrhyn, baronet, born 23 September 1801, eventual successor of the estates of the 7th Viscount Bulkeley.
On the death of Humphrey Bulkeley, the Cheadle estates descended to his sister, Frances Bulkeley of Cheadle, spinster, and on her death in 1688 they reverted to the Beaumaris branch of the family.
In 1702, Richard Bulkeley, afterwards Viscount Bulkeley, on his marriage to Lady Bridget Bertie, acquired for himself and his male heirs the manors of Cheadle Bulkeley, Timperley and Whatcroft and other lands in these and various places in Cheshire, which had been in the possession of Frances Bulkeley.
In 1731, after the death of Richard Viscount Bulkeley, his eldest son, Richard settled his Cheshire estates in trust to be sold for payment of his debts. An advertisement appeared in the London Gazette of 16 January 1732 announcing the sale of Cheadle, Timperley, Edgeley and Whatcroft and the advowson of the rectory of Cheadle to be held at Cheadle on 5th to 7th March. Richard died in 1738 without male heirs and was succeeded by his brother James. In 1747, the Cheshire Estates were ordered to be sold by a decree in Chancery of 1 March 1745 but the death of James prevented the sale from being completed. In 1756, an Act of Parliament was passed in which the manors and lands in Cheadle, Timperley, Edgeley and Ashley were vested in trustees, Sir William Meredith, Bart., of Henbury, and Robert Williams, Esq. In September of the same year the manor of Cheadle Bulkeley was sold to the Rev. Thomas Egerton, clerk, Rector of Cheadle.
East Cheshire Past and Present by J.P. Earwaker, London, 1877 (CRO, Knutsford). Now available from the Family History Society of Cheshire on CD ROM .
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Introduction to Cheshire Gentry
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